Description-Amethyst is a variety of quartz of a purple variety. It is often found in geodes and it may be the most valued member of the quartz family in may circles. In most cases, Amethyst may vary in color from shades of red-violet to purple. The highest quality of Amethyst is said to be deep medium purple with a rose-colored flash. On the MOHS scale the hardness is 7.
History- The name, Amethyst, is derived from the Greek word, “amethusos” meaning “sober”. It was noted in several sources to have been used by the Egyptians and is noted that Aaron, the Jewish High Priest, wore amethyst as a breastplate central. It is said to have been included in the royal collections from Ancient Egypt to British Crown Jewels.
Location- The best specimens of Amethyst today are said to come from India. Gem quality Amethyst is also found in Brazil, Russia, and in South America: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Uruguay, and also in some African Countries and the U.S.A.
Metaphysical and Folklore-It is said to assist with the healing of alcoholism, obsessive behaviors, and other addictions. It iwas made the official biithstone of February by the American national Association of Jewelers in 1912. Physically it is said to balance metabolism, headaches, insomnia, and arthritis. Emotionally is said to increase intuition, integrate functions, and was used in ancient times by sailors for protection.
Care- It is often heat-treated to bring out a deeper color, this heat treating is often permanent and the stones will not fade in color over time. Untreated Amethyst may diminish in color if left in the sunlight. Your natural Amethyst should. therefore by kept from direct sunlight. It is relatively hard but can scratch in time with excessive wear. Keep from household cleansers and ammonia products as it can damage the luster and quality of the gemstone.